Structure & Design Books
Simon Jenkins, the author of Britain's 1000 Best Churches, turns his attention to railways in this rail-ly good book. He's travelled all over the country to select the best ones and talks about them with insight and authority.
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Simon is the founder of the Railway Heritage Trust and his passion is second to none. He reveals each station's history, geography, design and significance and how they have impacted on social history.
Railways are a place where people come, go, meet, greet and part. They're also a long-neglected aspect of Britain's architecture and this beautifully illustrated book celebrates the engineers, architects and companies that have built them.
Acclaimed photographer Peter Dazeley has gained access to the hidden interiors of 50 of London's most iconic buildings and showcases them all in this stunning book.
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Accompanied by Mark Daly's concise, thoughtful and informative text, among the buildings you can look inside are the royal palaces of Hampton Court, the Tower of London and the Supreme Court. Some of the relics and structures are derelict, but many are still working. What's for certain is they're all extraordinary.
This beautiful book explains how each place was created, how they are used and what each ones reveals about the currents of power that flow through the city. You can find out all about the boiler room of London's infrastructure and peek inside everywhere from the changing rooms of the top sports stadiums to the heart of the establishment.
With the increasing sophistication of CAD and other design software, there is now a wide array of means for both designing and fabricating architecture and its components. The proliferation of advanced modelling software and hardware has enabled architects and students to conceive and create designs that would be very difficult to do using more traditional methods. The use of CAD technologies in the production of physical models, prototypes and individual elements is increasingly widespread through processes such as CAD/CAM, CNC milling and rapid prototyping. This translation of computer generated data to physical artefact can also be reversed with devices such as a digitiser, which traces the contours of physical objects directly into the computer. This book focuses on the inspiring possibilities for architecture that can be achieved with all the different technologies and techniques available for making complete designs or their components.
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The term Brutalism is used to describe a form of architecture that appeared, mainly in Europe, from around 1945 - 1975. Uncompromisingly modern, this trend in architecture was both striking and arresting and, perhaps like no other style before or since, aroused extremes of emotion and debate. Some regarded Brutalist buildings as monstrous soulless structures of concrete, steel and glass, whereas others saw the genre as a logical progression, having its own grace and balance.
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Prefabricated corrugated-iron buildings have been manufactured in Britain since the middle of the nineteenth century. Structures ranging from humble cottages to substantial churches, and from halls to hospitals and hotels, have since then been produced, packed and consigned to destinations at home and abroad. Though often regarded as cheap and temporary, these buildings are an expression of a progressive and vital chapter in the history of Britain's construction industry. First used in 1829, corrugated-iron has become a familiar element in vernacular architecture and construction, bringing its particular character and colour to landscapes both rural and urban. The author draws on a wide range of research to highlight the significance, in Britain and across the world, of these oft-overlooked structures.
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Originally developed in linguistics, the structuralist approach has been introduced as a scientific method in anthropology and other human sciences since the 1950s. In the 1960s and 1970s the double category of primary and secondary structure (langue and parole), essential to structuralism, in which the primary structure's system of rules determines how the secondary elements are placed in relation to one another, also advanced to a leading Ideology in the field of architecture and urban planning. From its development in the Netherlands and within the Team 10 circle of architects, structuralism in architecture quickly spread world-wide. Since the 1990s we have been witnessing a revival of structuralist tendencies in architecture. Whereas the structuralism of the 1970s encountered limits in complexity that were insurmountable at the time, today there is much to suggest that the return to structural thinking is causally connected to information technology, which has opened up new possibilities for dealing with complexity. In the field of digital architecture there is talk of neo-Structuralism. The question arises as to whether primary and secondary structures of the 1960s should be understood today as being in a state of complex interactions with one another that could be described through algorithms. The current interest in design methods based on rules makes the structuralist approach one of the most productive and comprehensive methods for the organisation, design, and production of the built environment. At the same time, it provides the systemic and meta-theoretical background for all disciplines involved in the production of space. This book is a collection of 47 articles by renowned authors including, among others, Roland Barthes, Koos Bosma, Jorg Gleiter, Herman Hertzberger, Arnulf Luchinger, Winy Maas, Sylvain Malfroy, Hasim Sarkis, Fabian Scheurer, and Georges Teyssot. Through well-founded theoretical contributions, the book provides the first comprehensive representation of historical and contemporary digital structural thinking in architecture and urban planning.
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Typology 2 follows up on the preceding and successful Typology, published in 2012. Emanuel Christ and Christoph Gantenbein together with their teaching staff and students at ETH Zurich expanded their research on building typology to four more metropolises, again in Europe, Latin America, and Asia: Paris, Delhi, Sao Paulo, and Athens. 180 buildings were analysed over the past two years to find inspiration and models that can be adapted for the local context of any given city. Each example is documented with an image, site and floor plans, axonometric projection, key data, and a brief description. An introduction and four essays on the interaction between various protagonists and in particular the effect of governing local building regulation again show the potential for contemporary urban architecture. The result is again a rich sourcebook of great practical value for students, lecturers and practitioners of architecture. Essays by the authors, and Anupam Bansal and Philippe Simon.
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The tropics have hot and humid climatic conditions that are inexorable against any building design. Enclosed spaces without air-conditioning and cross ventilation hold the heat, and become stuffy and moldy environments. Algae grow within days on plastered and painted surfaces due to the heavy tropical rains. The introduction of industrial mechanical building systems comes with high costs for both man and nature. Architects fight a continuous battle with climatic conditions and unsuitable material in an effort to offer more comfort and better design. Faced with climate conditions, the traditional art of building ceases to exist. Yet, architects like Kerry Hill and Kevin Mark Low create added value to a tropical design by combining both traditional methods of building while employing cross ventilation as a design feature. Traditionally, ventilation blocks have been used to make living in hot and humid regions more comfortable. Mass-produced modular blocks can take over construction loads, permit cross ventilation and protect the building's interior from intense tropical rainfall. Ventilation blocks, as modular-building systems, using carefully executed designs, create richly ornamented sculptural facades. Unfortunately, with air-conditioning and the current preference for steel-glass facades, ventilation blocks are no longer fashionable. Casting Architecture rediscovers the spirit of traditional forms of buildings. This publication shows the ventilation block as an unique tropical building element. Precast concrete pieces form not only walls, but also create, wonderfully fluent forms. By combining traditional principles with new, advanced building technologies, this studio generates excitement from old ideas and new products. The results are lightweight concrete screens with minimal materials, rich with tectonic reliefs, including fascinating forms and patterns. As homogeneous facades, they create a dramatic interplay of contrast with light. With each wall, the architect shows a unique construction expression. Casting architecture is a unique process of creating the vision of architecture in a concrete structure. Casting architecture inspires design enthusiasts toward erecting futuristic ideas in cement and concrete, and enables the further exploration and creative liberation of ideas beyond the limits of classical building methods. It also adds some excitement to those who want to learn more about how things stack together. An almost forgotten art, the Ventilation block has a long history as a traditional building module in tropical regions. It provides climatic comfort, protection and architectonic a continuous application of modules. This book rediscovers the formwork's beauty in a continuous application of modules, designed by Florian Schatz and the Year 02 architecture students from the department of Architecture at National University of Singapore."
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Baltimore was an innovator in the development of cast-iron architecture, but the citys heritage of buildings in this genre, once numbering more than a hundred, has dwindled to only a handful today. The Baltimore region also had a long tradition in iron production, beginning with the colonial era and continuing through the 1950s as Sparrows Point became the single largest steel complex in the world. Baltimore's Cast-Iron Buildings is a celebration of a unique aspect of Baltimores architectural and industrial history. The authors examine cast-iron buildings in an integrated way to show how the material was fabricated and the buildings erected. They also explore the cast and wrought ironwork used for gates, fences, railings, and ornaments. The heavily illustrated work includes ironwork catalogs from the mid-1800s.
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This book will provide a definitive reader, compiling essays from previously published texts and newly commissioned essays from leading academics, architects and other specialists, each text is prefaced by a brief critical and accessible introduction by Mark Garcia and illustrated with the first-ever collection of spatial design diagrams by architects, engineers, academics and designers from around the world. Case-study single-page and double page spread 'capsules' distributed throughout the book describe the creation, meaning and importance of the most important diagrams in today's leading-edge exemplars of interior, architectural, landscape and urban design.
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This title of AD heralds a new era of exuberance in digital design.Having overcome the alienation and otherness of the cyber, havingmastered the virtual qualities and protocols of the parametric,having achieved the intricacy and elegance of the digital, andhaving fully embraced the potential of 3d computer software andcad/cam manufacturing technologies, it is now time for architectsto show off!
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Conjure up the extravagance of furniture design, the abundanceof cgi in Hollywood, the profuseness of bio-techno ornamentation orthe lavishness of Middle-Eastern and Asian super-urbanism.Exuberance not only celebrates new Baroque theatricality, formalsophistication and digital virtuosity; it also debates a plethoraof joyful and intelligent ways in which experimental architecturemanages to cope with the contemporary turmoil in global politics,economics and ecology.
Buildings, although inanimate, are often assumed to have "life." And the architect, through the act of design, is assumed to be their conceiver and creator. But what of the "death" of buildings? What of the decay, deterioration, and destruction to which they are inevitably subject? And what might such endings mean for architecture's sense of itself? In Buildings Must Die, Stephen Cairns and Jane Jacobs look awry at core architectural concerns. They examine spalling concrete and creeping rust, contemplate ruins old and new, and pick through the rubble of earthquake-shattered churches, imploded housing projects, and demolished Brutalist office buildings. Their investigation of the death of buildings reorders architectural notions of creativity, reshapes architecture's preoccupation with good form, loosens its vanities of durability, and expands its sense of value. It does so not to kill off architecture as we know it, but to rethink its agency and its capacity to make worlds differently. Cairns and Jacobs offer an original contemplation of architecture that draws on theories of waste and value. Their richly illustrated case studies of building "deaths" include the planned and the unintended, the lamented and the celebrated. They take us from Moline to Christchurch, from London to Bangkok, from Tokyo to Paris. And they feature the work of such architects as Eero Saarinen, Carlo Scarpa, Cedric Price, Arata Isozaki, Rem Koolhaas and Francois Roche. Buildings Must Die is both a memento mori for architecture and a call to to reimagine the design values that lay at the heart of its creative purpose.
The metamorphic nature of Venice, a city in which most buildings underwent throughout the centuries substantial volumetric and formal transformations informed by political and cultural shifts, is revealed in Elements of Venice through the analysis of single architectural elements. Developed as a parallel research project of Fundamentals--the 14th Venice Architecture Biennale curated by Rem Koolhaas--the book offers insights on Venetian facades, stairs, corridors, floors, ramps, ceilings, doors, hearths, windows, balconies and walls. -Product not [only] of the mind but of societal organization- the elements are isolated from their picture-perfect context and from the postcard view of Venice that is impressed in our retinas, introducing the reader--through a combination of collages, drawings, photographs, paintings, film stills and quotes--to a radically new way of seeing Venice. Like a camera obscura photograph cuts through the often irrelevant embellishments of architecture to reveal the underlying skeleton of a building (i.e. its elements), this guide will allow the reader to better understand the fundamental transformations that have shaped Venice during the past ten centuries. This city, which for many is--architecturally speaking--permanently frozen in time, has in fact often been at the forefront of challenging the architectural conventions, both during the days of the Republic (until 1797), in which gothic and renaissance styles were seen as carriers of political and ideological meanings, and in the past two centuries when, despite the introduction of the dooming motto -Com'era, dov'era- (-As it was, where it was-), Venice underwent an unprecedented urban transformation.
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Architecture has fascinated Swiss director Christoph Schaub for many years. Since his first, award-winning architectural documentary Il Girasole - A House Near Verona, Schaub has realised nine more films on architects and their buildings. His moving images, his way of looking at and showing architecture captivates the viewer instantly. Schaub features acclaimed Swiss architects Gion A. Caminada and Peter Zumthor, and structural engineer Jurg Conzett. He looks at the socio-economic and architectural culture and policy of Vrin in the Swiss mountains, and tells the story of the construction of hydroelectric power stations in the canton of Grisons with their stunning structures in the landscape and underground. He portraits Swiss architects Marcel Meili and Markus Peter and their search for the best solutions in urban planning, as well as the controversial Spanish engineer-architect Santiago Calatrava on his journeys to building sites around the world. And he documents the vast undertaking of building Brasilia and the memories of people participating in it, and the genesis of Beijing's spectacular Olympic stadium Bird's Nest by Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron.The three DVDs offer each film in its original version with subtitles in English, French, and German. Christoph Schaub, born 1958 in Zurich, is one of Switzerland's most eminent film directors. Besides documentaries on various subjects he has also realised many drama and comedy movies.
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The seaside pier is perhaps the most iconic symbol of the British holiday resort and for many of us it is the epitome of excursions to the seaside. No two piers are the same, ranging as they do from the clear uncluttered deck to elaborately structured pavilions, from amusement arcades to the landing stages and theatres that were the highlight of pier life in the early part of the last century. Founded in 1979 under Sir John Betjeman, the National Piers Society serves to celebrate the pier, raise it in our consciousness and educate us on preservation, conservation and the economic benefits for seaside towns of a functioning pier. Published to mark the bicentenary of the opening of the first public pier in 1814, at Ryde on the Isle of Wight, this book with contributions from experts within English Heritage and the NPS tells the fascinating story of the Victorian origins of piers, discusses the engineering and architectural challenges imposed by varying climatic and tidal conditions, and the instrumental role of the railways in stimulating pier construction. The core of the book is a complete gazetteer of all piers which the public can visit around the coast of Britain with details of their location, history and current operations, and a variety of historical and contemporary illustrations. Whether your summer invariably includes visits to the coast or you enjoy the vicarious pleasure of the seaside from a winter armchair, this book is an essential companion for all who admire and value Britain's rich seaside heritage.
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By examining the Japanese history of buildings and building designs from prehistory to modern day, lovers of Japan will develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of this island country. Simplicity, sensitivity to the natural environment, and the use of natural materials are the hallmarks of Japanese architecture. The Art of Japanese Architecture provides a broad overview of traditional Japanese architecture in its historical and cultural context. It begins with a discussion of prehistoric dwellings and concludes with a description of modern Japanese buildings. Important historical influences and trends--notably the introduction of Buddhist culture from Korea and China, the development of feudalism, and the influence of modern Western styles of building--are all discussed in detail as facets of Japanese design. Through all of these changes, a restrained architectural tradition developed in marked contrast to an exuberant tradition characterized by monumentality and the use of bold colors. The book provides tremendous insights into the dynamic nature of Japanese architecture and how it reflects an underlying diversity within Japanese culture. The book is profusely illustrated with over 370 color photographs, woodblock prints, maps, diagrams, and specially commissioned watercolors. A classic in the making, The Art of Japanese Architecture will be sure to enlighten and delight readers.
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This technical guide offers an extensive overview of the use of vertical vegetation in high-rise buildings, an indepth analysis of green walls, definitions and typology, including standards, policies and incentives. The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat has produced four Technical Guides to date, since the series launched in late 2012. Each of these guides is the product of a CTBUH Working Group committees formed specifically to address focused topical subjects in the industry. The intention of each guide is the same to provide working knowledge to the typical building owner or professional who wants a better understanding of available options for improving tall buildings, and what affects their design. The object of the series is to provide a tool-kit for the creation of better-performing tall buildings, and to spread the understanding of the considerations that need to be made in designing tall. The CTBUH is the world's leading resource for professionals focused on the design, construction, and operation of tall buildings and future cities. A not-for-profit organisation based at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, the group facilitates the exchange of the latest knowledge available on tall buildings around the world. AUTHOR: Antony Wood has been Executive Director of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat since 2006. He is chair of the CTBUH Tall Buildings and Sustainability Working Group. SELLING POINTS: - An output by the CTBUH, the world's leading resource for professionals focused on the design and construction of tall buildings and future cities - A technical guide offering comprehensive case studies from around the globe (including experimental-based studies, simulation-based studies and a CTBUH study on energy savings), climate data, information on structural support systems and plant selections - Richly illustrated text, with detailed statistical infographics and full-colour images 220 col.
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The techniques used to represent architectural design are examined in Representational Techniques for Architecture. A broad array of methodologies for developing architectural ideas are described, ranging from two- and three-dimensional conceptual sketches, through to the working drawings required for the construction of buildings. The book offers a range of practical drawing methods, showing how to present and plan layouts, make conceptual sketches, work with scale, use collage and photomontage to create contemporary images, along with techniques to prepare and plan design portfolios.The book also deals with contemporary computer modelling and drawing techniques. In the second edition, 25% of the material is new: many of the images have been updated, and new case studies have been added, for example architect studios such as Coophimmelblau and C J Lim/Studio 8 architects. Additional case studies are drawn from American and international architectural practices and studios. The most up-to-date CAD technology is examined along with illustrations showing how it can be used to create architectural models and plans. The enhanced project sections encourage students to explore further the techniques that they have acquired.
In Contagious Architecture, Luciana Parisi offers a philosophical inquiry into the status of the algorithm in architectural and interaction design. Her thesis is that algorithmic computation is not simply an abstract mathematical tool but constitutes a mode of thought in its own right, in that its operation extends into forms of abstraction that lie beyond direct human cognition and control. These include modes of infinity, contingency, and indeterminacy, as well as incomputable quantities underlying the iterative process of algorithmic processing. The main philosophical source for the project is Alfred North Whitehead, whose process philosophy is specifically designed to provide a vocabulary for "modes of thought" exhibiting various degrees of autonomy from human agency even as they are mobilized by it. Because algorithmic processing lies at the heart of the design practices now reshaping our world -- from the physical spaces of our built environment to the networked spaces of digital culture -- the nature of algorithmic thought is a topic of pressing importance that reraises questions of control and, ultimately, power. Contagious Architecture revisits cybernetic theories of control and information theory's notion of the incomputable in light of this rethinking of the role of algorithmic thought. Informed by recent debates in political and cultural theory around the changing landscape of power, it links the nature of abstraction to a new theory of power adequate to the complexities of the digital world.
The Architectural League Prize is an annual event involving a competition, a series of lectures, an exhibition, and a publication, organised by the Architectural League of New York and its Young Architects and Designers Committee. The 2015 competition theme, 'Authenticity', investigated recent advances in computation, visualisation, material intelligence, and fabrication technologies, exploring how these advances have begun to alter the understanding of general design principles as well as the architect's role and practical approach toward architecture and research. Projects by the six winners address new positions of authenticity in architecture through form, design, substance, function, context, and other means that direct and transform their practices. The winners are: Dan Adams and Marie Adams, Landing Studio, Somerville, MA; Anna Neimark and Andrew Atwood, First Office, Los Angeles; Erin Besler, Besler & Sons, Los Angeles; Seth McDowell and Rychiee Espinosa, mcdowellespinosa, Scottsville, VA, and Brooklyn; Thom Moran, Ann Arbor, MI; and Clark Thenhaus, Endemic, Ann Arbor, MI.
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This book documents the creation of the Taiyuan Museum of Art: a geometric visual feast that seeks to redefine the structure of museums, galleries, and other public spaces. The architects behind this phenomenal project have described it as a building which "produces the impression of a unified sequence of spaces while at the same time giving visitors the freedom either to follow a path that is clearly defined by the architecture or to skip from one gallery to another in a non-linear fashion". This book embraces the ideas that generated the project through interviews with graduate students at the Knowlton School of Architecture, interviews with contemporary critics, and critical commentary from architects, designers, and colleagues of the architect. The design process is described in detail through drawings, diagrams and study models.
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When this book first appeared in 1972, it was part of the spirit that would define a new architecture and design era--a new way of thinking ready to move beyond the purist doctrines and formal models of modernism. Charles Jencks and Nathan Silver's book was a manifesto for a generation that took pleasure in doing things ad hoc, using materials at hand to solve real-world problems. The implications were subversive. Turned-off citizens of the 1970s immediately adopted the book as a DIY guide. The word "adhocism" entered the vocabulary, the concept of adhocism became part of the designer's toolkit, and Adhocism became a cult classic. Now Adhocism is available again, with new texts by Jencks and Silver reflecting on the past forty years of adhocism and new illustrations demonstrating adhocism's continuing relevance. Adhocism has always been around. (Think Robinson Crusoe, making a raft and then a shelter from the wreck of his ship.) As a design principle, adhocism starts with everyday improvisations: a bottle as a candleholder, a dictionary as a doorstop, a tractor seat on wheels as a dining room chair. But it is also an undeveloped force within the way we approach almost every activity, from play to architecture to city planning to political revolution. Engagingly written, filled with pictures and examples from areas as diverse as auto mechanics and biology, Adhocism urges us to pay less attention to the rulebook and more to the real principle of how we actually do things. It declares that problems are not necessarily solved in a genius's "eureka!" moment but by trial and error, adjustment and readjustment.
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Architects use CAD to help them visualize their ideas. Parametric design is a fast- growing development of CAD that lets architects and designers specify the key parameters of their model and make changes interactively. Whenever changes are made the rest of the model updates automatically. Through a detailed description of various parametric, generative and algorithmic techniques, this book provides a practical guide to generating geometric and topological solutions for various situations, including explicit step-by-step tutorials. While the techniques and algorithms can be generalized to suit to any parametric environment, the book illustrates its concepts using the scripting languages of one of the most powerful 3D visualization and animation design software systems (Autodesk 3ds Max MAXScript), one of the most popular open-source Java-based scripting environments (Processing), and a brand new language specifically tailored for parametric and generative design (Autodesk DesignScript). This clear, accessible book will have a wide appeal to students and practitioners who would like to experiment with parametric techniques.
- RRP £28.00
The next generation of architectural design is moving outside the box. Robotic arms are beginning to replace and advance now common digital fabrication technologies. Six-axis robots are showing the way to non-linear workflows, interactive interfaces, tools, and material technologies that can radically alter the established process of how we design and build space, offering a new paradigm for architecture. This book has three central sections: 'Techniques', which sets out the fields and the thinking that underlie the new uses for robotics; 'Projects', offering detailed presentations that explore through prototypes and working models how these principles can be applied and augmented; and 'Platforms', which presents the working tools used for this new genre of improvisational robotics through specially drawn technical illustrations.
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