A writer of novels and short stories, Ernest Hemingway won both the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the Nobel Prize in Literature during his lifetime. Born on 21 July, 1899 in Illinois, books including A Farewell to Arms and For Whom the Bell Tolls have marked Hemingway as one of the most influential writers of the past century.
Ernest Hemingway started his career as a reporter for the Kansas City Star before turning his hand to longer non-fiction writing and fiction. With a colourful personal life that saw him marry four times, Ernest Hemingway grew paranoid in his latter life, becoming convinced that the FBI were spying on him - a conspiracy that turned out to be true! Claiming he had to write every day, Ernest Hemingway tracked the daily word count for his books, novels and short stories by tallying them on a slab of cardboard on his wall.